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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________________
FORM 10-Q
____________________________
(Mark One)
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 29, 2024
OR
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from__________to__________
Commission File Number: 001-34775
____________________________
FABRINET
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
____________________________
Cayman Islands
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
98-1228572
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

c/o Intertrust Corporate Services
One Nexus Way, Camana Bay
Grand Cayman
Cayman Islands
(Address of principal executive offices)

KY1-9005
(Zip Code)
+66 2-524-9600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary Shares, $0.01 par valueFNNew York Stock Exchange
____________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the
registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:    Yes  x    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerxAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    ☐  Yes    x  No
As of April 26, 2024, the registrant had 36,145,246 ordinary shares, $0.01 par value, outstanding.

1

Table of Contents
FABRINET
FORM 10-Q
QUARTER ENDED MARCH 29, 2024
Table of Contents
Page No.

2

Table of Contents

RISK FACTORS SUMMARY

You should carefully consider the information set forth below under the heading “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A before deciding whether to invest in our securities. Below is a summary of the principal risks associated with an investment in our securities.
Our sales depend on a small number of customers. A reduction in orders from any of these customers, the loss of any of these customers, or a customer exerting significant pricing and margin pressures on us could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

Consolidation in the markets we serve could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

If the optical communications market does not expand as we expect, our business may not grow as fast as we expect, which could adversely impact our business, financial condition and operating results.

Our quarterly revenues, gross profit margins and operating results have fluctuated significantly and may continue to do so in the future, which may cause the market price of our ordinary shares to decline or be volatile.

If we are unable to continue diversifying our precision optical and electro-mechanical manufacturing services across other markets within the optics industry, such as the semiconductor processing, biotechnology, metrology and material processing markets, or if these markets do not grow as fast as we expect, our business may not grow as fast as we expect, which could adversely impact our business, financial condition and operating results.

We face significant competition in our business. If we are unable to compete successfully against our current and future competitors, our business, financial condition and operating results could be harmed.

Cancellations, delays or reductions of customer orders and the relatively short-term nature of the commitments of our customers could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

Our exposure to financially troubled customers or suppliers could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

We purchase some of the critical materials used in certain of our products from a single source or a limited number of suppliers. Supply shortages have in the past, and could in the future, impair the quality, reduce the availability or increase the cost of materials, which could harm our revenues, profitability and customer relations.

Managing our inventory is complex and may require write-downs due to excess or obsolete inventory, which could cause our operating results to decrease significantly in a given fiscal period.

If we fail to adequately expand our manufacturing capacity, we will not be able to grow our business, which would harm our business, financial condition and operating results. Conversely, if we expand too much or too rapidly, we may experience excess capacity, which would harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

We may experience manufacturing yields that are lower than expected, potentially resulting in increased costs, which could harm our business, operating results and customer relations.

If the products that we manufacture contain defects, we could incur significant correction costs, demand for our services may decline and we may be exposed to product liability and product warranty claims, which could harm our business, financial condition, operating results and customer relations.

If we fail to attract additional skilled employees or retain key personnel, our business, financial condition and operating results could suffer.

Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and changes in governmental policies regarding foreign currencies could increase our operating costs, which would adversely affect our operating results.

We conduct operations in a number of countries, which creates logistical and communications challenges for us and exposes us to other risks and challenges that could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

We are subject to governmental export and import controls in several jurisdictions that subject us to a variety of risks, including liability, impairment of our ability to compete in international markets, and decreased sales and customer orders.

We are subject to risks related to the ongoing U.S.-China trade dispute, including increased tariffs on materials that we use in manufacturing, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.

Political unrest and demonstrations, as well as changes in the political, social, business or economic conditions in Thailand, could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.
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We expect to continue to invest in our manufacturing operations in the People's Republic of China ("PRC"), which will continue to expose us to risks inherent in doing business in the PRC, any of which risks could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

Natural disasters, epidemics, acts of terrorism and political and economic developments could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

Unfavorable worldwide economic conditions (including inflation and supply chain disruptions) may negatively affect our business, financial condition and operating results.

The loan agreements for our long-term debt obligations and other credit facilities contain financial ratio covenants that may impair our ability to conduct our business.

We may not be able to obtain capital when desired on favorable terms, if at all, or without dilution to our shareholders.

Our investment portfolio may become impaired by deterioration of the capital markets.

We are not fully insured against all potential losses. Natural disasters or other catastrophes could adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.

There are inherent uncertainties involved in estimates, judgments and assumptions used in the preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Any changes in estimates, judgments and assumptions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

Our business and operations would be adversely impacted in the event of a failure of our information technology infrastructure and/or cyber security attacks.

Intellectual property infringement claims against our customers or us could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

Any failure to protect our customers’ intellectual property that we use in the products we manufacture for them could harm our customer relationships and subject us to liability.

We are subject to the risk of increased income taxes, which could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

We have incurred and will continue to incur significant increased costs as a result of operating as a public company, and our management will be required to continue to devote substantial resources to various compliance initiatives.

If we are unable to meet regulatory quality standards applicable to our manufacturing and quality processes for the products we manufacture, our business, financial condition and operating results could be harmed.

Failure to comply with applicable environmental laws and regulations could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

Our share price may be volatile due to fluctuations in our operating results and other factors, including the activities and operating results of our customers or competitors, any of which could cause our share price to decline.

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or if they publish misleading or unfavorable research about our business, the market price and trading volume of our ordinary shares could decline.

We may become a passive foreign investment company, which could result in adverse U.S. tax consequences to U.S. investors.

Our business and share price could be negatively affected as a result of activist shareholders.

Certain provisions in our constitutional documents may discourage our acquisition by a third party, which could limit our shareholders' opportunity to sell shares at a premium.

Our shareholders may face difficulties in protecting their interests because we are incorporated under Cayman Islands law.

Certain judgments obtained against us by our shareholders may not be enforceable.

Energy price volatility may negatively impact our business, financial condition and operating results.

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PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FABRINET
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (unaudited)
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share data and par value)March 29,
2024
June 30,
2023
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$385,111 $231,368 
Short-term investments408,915 319,100 
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for expected credit losses of $2,838 and $965, respectively
583,882 531,767 
Inventories454,134 519,576 
Prepaid expenses9,369 7,849 
Other current assets74,731 42,880 
Total current assets1,916,142 1,652,540 
Non-current assets
Property, plant and equipment, net303,118 310,350 
Intangibles, net2,427 2,394 
Operating right-of-use assets3,742 1,634 
Deferred tax assets10,966 12,095 
Other non-current assets630 635 
Total non-current assets320,883 327,108 
Total Assets$2,237,025 $1,979,648 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Long-term borrowings, current portion, net$3,039 $12,156 
Trade accounts payable429,021 381,129 
Fixed assets payable9,229 13,526 
Operating lease liabilities, current portion1,333 1,201 
Income tax payable4,828 6,024 
Accrued payroll, bonus and related expenses23,727 23,748 
Accrued expenses20,742 20,447 
Other payables52,348 23,654 
Total current liabilities544,267 481,885 
Non-current liabilities
Deferred tax liability4,641 4,799 
Operating lease liability, non-current portion2,003 66 
Severance liabilities23,820 22,159 
Other non-current liabilities2,059 2,081 
Total non-current liabilities32,523 29,105 
Total Liabilities576,790 510,990 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 15)
Shareholders’ equity
Preferred shares (5,000,000 shares authorized, $0.01 par value; no shares issued and outstanding as of March 29, 2024 and June 30, 2023)
  
Ordinary shares (500,000,000 shares authorized, $0.01 par value; 39,450,434 shares and 39,284,176 shares issued as of March 29, 2024 and June 30, 2023, respectively; and 36,159,101 shares and 36,183,682 shares outstanding as of March 29, 2024 and June 30, 2023, respectively)
395 393 
Additional paid-in capital215,570 206,624 
Less: Treasury shares (3,291,333 shares and 3,100,494 shares as of March 29, 2024 and June 30, 2023, respectively)
(230,776)(194,833)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(4,658)(8,115)
Retained earnings1,679,704 1,464,589 
Total Shareholders’ Equity1,660,235 1,468,658 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity$2,237,025 $1,979,648 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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FABRINET
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (unaudited)
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except per share data)March 29,
2024
March 31,
2023
March 29,
2024
March 31,
2023
Revenues$731,535 $665,281 $2,129,706 $1,989,366 
Cost of revenues(640,600)(579,274)(1,866,037)(1,735,388)
        Gross profit90,935 86,007 263,669 253,978 
Selling, general and administrative expenses(19,628)(18,309)(59,373)(57,804)
Restructuring and other related costs (5,872) (5,872)
Operating income71,307 61,826 204,296 190,302 
Interest income8,509 3,317 22,155 7,210 
Interest expense(26)(399)(107)(1,179)
Foreign exchange gain (loss), net3,348 (1,303)(25)(3,122)
Other income (expense), net175 31 60 (178)
Income before income taxes83,313 63,472 226,379 193,033 
Income tax expense(2,397)(4,117)(11,264)(5,906)
Net income80,916 59,355 215,115 187,127 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
       Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities(1,739)2,046 2,155 1,768 
       Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments(7,328)(5,535)1,062 4,435 
       Change in net retirement benefits plan – prior service cost137 113 271 338 
       Change in foreign currency translation adjustment75 (191)(31)(29)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(8,855)(3,567)3,457 6,512 
Net comprehensive income$72,061 $55,788 $218,572 $193,639 
Earnings per share
       Basic$2.23 $1.62 $5.93 $5.12 
       Diluted$2.21 $1.60 $5.88 $5.07 
Weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding (thousands of shares)
       Basic36,250 36,608 36,278 36,575 
       Diluted36,603 36,989 36,574 36,895 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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FABRINET
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended March 29, 2024
 Ordinary ShareAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Shares
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained
Earnings
Total
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share data)SharesAmount
Balances at December 29, 202339,435,354 $394 $209,208 $(201,205)$4,197 $1,598,788 $1,611,382 
Net income— — — — — 80,916 80,916 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — (8,855)— (8,855)
Share-based compensation— — 6,726 — — — 6,726 
Issuance of ordinary shares15,080 1 (1)— — —  
Repurchase of 152,600 shares held as treasury shares
— — (29,571)— — (29,571)
Tax withholdings related to net share settlement of restricted share units— — (363)— — — (363)
Balances at March 29, 2024
39,450,434 $395 $215,570 $(230,776)$(4,658)$1,679,704 $1,660,235 

For the Nine Months Ended March 29, 2024
 Ordinary ShareAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Shares
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained
Earnings
Total
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share data)SharesAmount
Balances at June 30, 202339,284,176 $393 $206,624 $(194,833)$(8,115)$1,464,589 $1,468,658 
Net income— — — — — 215,115 215,115 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — 3,457 — 3,457 
Share-based compensation— — 21,664 — — — 21,664 
Issuance of ordinary shares166,258 2 (2)— — —  
Repurchase of 190,839 shares held as treasury shares
— — — (35,943)— — (35,943)
Tax withholdings related to net share settlement of restricted share units— — (12,716)— — — (12,716)
Balances at March 29, 2024
39,450,434 $395 $215,570 $(230,776)$(4,658)$1,679,704 $1,660,235 








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FABRINET
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
 Ordinary ShareAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Shares
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained
Earnings
Total
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share data)SharesAmount
Balances at December 30, 202239,251,581 $393 $194,366 $(152,362)$(2,714)$1,344,448 $1,384,131 
Net income— — — — — 59,355 59,355 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — (3,567)— (3,567)
Share-based compensation— — 6,719 — — — 6,719 
Issuance of ordinary shares23,202 — — — — —  
Repurchase of 35,232 shares held as treasury shares
— — (4,113)— — (4,113)
Tax withholdings related to net share settlement of restricted share units— — (944)— — — (944)
Balances at March 31, 2023
39,274,783 $393 $200,141 $(156,475)$(6,281)$1,403,803 $1,441,581 

For the Nine Months Ended March 31, 2023
 Ordinary ShareAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Shares
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained
Earnings
Total
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share data)SharesAmount
Balances at June 24, 202239,048,700 $390 $196,667 $(147,258)$(12,793)$1,216,676 $1,253,682 
Net income— — — — — 187,127 187,127 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — 6,512 — 6,512 
Share-based compensation— — 21,217 — — — 21,217 
Issuance of ordinary shares226,083 3 (3)— — —  
Repurchase of 83,857 shares held as treasury shares
— — — (9,217)— — (9,217)
Tax withholdings related to net share settlement of restricted share units— — (17,740)— — — (17,740)
Balances at March 31, 2023
39,274,783 $393 $200,141 $(156,475)$(6,281)$1,403,803 $1,441,581 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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FABRINET
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)
 Nine Months Ended
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)March 29,
2024
March 31,
2023
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income for the period$215,115 $187,127 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization36,602 32,504 
Non-cash restructuring charges and other related costs 2,201 
(Gain) loss on disposal and impairment of property, plant and equipment and intangibles(147)(1,630)
(Gain) loss from sales and maturities of available-for-sale securities(1)92 
Amortization of discount (premium) of short-term investments(2,317)300 
(Reversal of) allowance for expected credit losses1,874 (240)
Unrealized loss (gain) on exchange rate and fair value of foreign currency forward contracts(2,135)693 
Amortization of fair value at hedge inception of interest rate swaps(198)(478)
Share-based compensation21,440 21,217 
Deferred income tax1,125 (276)
Other non-cash expenses194 (127)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
Trade accounts receivable(54,089)(105,932)
Inventories65,442 2,720 
Other current assets and non-current assets(33,548)(11,704)
Trade accounts payable48,268 (5,028)
Income tax payable(1,068)(262)
Severance liabilities2,249 1,917 
Other current liabilities and non-current liabilities31,278 19,128 
Net cash provided by operating activities330,084 142,222 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of short-term investments(268,461)(154,033)
Proceeds from sales of short-term investments10,000 30,179 
Proceeds from maturities of short-term investments173,120 97,408 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment(34,825)(43,422)
Purchase of intangibles(768)(698)
Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment2,319 117 
Net cash used in investing activities(118,615)(70,449)
Cash flows from financing activities
Repayment of long-term borrowings(9,141)(12,187)
Repayment of finance lease liability (7)
Repurchase of ordinary shares(35,943)(9,217)
Withholding tax related to net share settlement of restricted share units(12,716)(17,740)
Net cash used in financing activities(57,800)(39,151)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$153,669 $32,622 
Movement in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of period$231,368 $198,365 
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash153,669 32,622 
Effect of exchange rate on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash74 (244)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of period$385,111 $230,743 
Non-cash investing and financing activities
Construction, software and equipment-related payables$9,229 $20,116 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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FABRINET
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
(in thousands of U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted)
1.    Business and organization
General
Fabrinet (“Fabrinet” or the “Parent Company”) was incorporated on August 12, 1999, and commenced operations on January 1, 2000. The Parent Company is an exempted company incorporated in the Cayman Islands, British West Indies. The “Company” refers to Fabrinet and its subsidiaries as a group.
The Company provides advanced optical packaging and precision optical, electro-mechanical and electronic manufacturing services to original equipment manufacturers of complex products, such as optical communication components, modules and sub-systems, automotive components, industrial lasers, medical devices and sensors. The Company offers a broad range of advanced optical and electro-mechanical capabilities across the entire manufacturing process, including process design and engineering, supply chain management, manufacturing, complex printed circuit board assembly, advanced packaging, integration, final assembly and testing. The Company focuses primarily on the production of low-volume, high-mix products. The principal subsidiaries of Fabrinet include Fabrinet Co., Ltd. (“Fabrinet Thailand”), Casix, Inc. (“Casix”), Fabrinet West, Inc. (“Fabrinet West”) and Fabrinet Israel Ltd. (“Fabrinet Israel”).
2.    Accounting policies
Basis of presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for Fabrinet as of March 29, 2024 and for the three and nine months ended March 29, 2024 and March 31, 2023 include normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the financial statements set forth herein, in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP” or "GAAP") for interim financial information and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, such information does not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for annual financial statements. For further information, please refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in Fabrinet’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2023.
The balance sheet as of June 30, 2023 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.
The results for the three and nine months ended March 29, 2024 may not be indicative of results for the year ending June 28, 2024 or any future periods.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of total revenues and expenses during the year. The Company bases estimates on historical experience and various assumptions about the future that are believed to be reasonable based on available information. The Company’s reported financial position or results of operations may be materially different under different conditions or when using different estimates and assumptions, particularly with respect to significant accounting policies, which are discussed below. Significant assumptions are used in accounting for share-based compensation, allowance for expected credit losses, income taxes, inventory obsolescence, goodwill and valuation of intangible assets related to business acquisitions, among others. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods may be different from these estimates. In the event that the Company's estimates or assumptions prove to be different from actual results, adjustments will be made in subsequent periods to reflect more current information.




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Fiscal years
The Company utilizes a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the Friday in June closest to June 30. The three months ended March 29, 2024 and March 31, 2023 consisted of 13 weeks. The nine months ended March 29, 2024 and March 31, 2023 consisted of 39 and 40 weeks, respectively. Fiscal year 2024 will comprise 52 weeks and will end on June 28, 2024.
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
No new accounting standard was adopted during the nine months ended March 29, 2024.
New Accounting Standards—not yet adopted by the Company
In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU 2023-07, “Segment Reporting (Topic 280), Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures,” which is intended to improve reportable segment disclosure requirements, primarily through additional disclosures about significant segment expenses. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. This ASU will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2025. The Company is currently assessing the impact to its disclosures.
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, “Income Taxes (Topic 740), Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures,” which requires more detailed income tax disclosures. This ASU requires entities to disclose disaggregated information about their effective tax rate reconciliation as well as expanded information on income taxes paid by jurisdiction. This ASU is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted for annual financial statements that have not yet been issued or made available for issuance. This ASU will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2026. The Company is currently assessing the impact to its disclosures.
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3.    Revenues from contracts with customers
Revenue by Geographic Area, End Market and Product Category
Revenues are attributed to a particular geographic area based on the bill-to-location of the Company’s customers. The Company operates in three geographic regions: North America; Asia-Pacific and others; and Europe.
The following table presents total revenues by geographic region:
(in thousands, except percentages)Three Months Ended
March 29, 2024
As a % of Total
Revenues
Nine Months Ended
March 29, 2024
As a % of Total
Revenues
North America
   U.S.$268,475 $761,622 
Others (1)
3,401 10,192 
Total revenue in North America271,876 37.2 %771,814 36.3 %
Asia-Pacific and others
   Israel (2)
275,022 752,736 
   India63,055 208,865 
   Malaysia30,993 100,938 
   Hong Kong15,147 43,085 
   Thailand13,059 36,489 
   China12,309 53,831 
   Japan5,772 18,408 
   Others1,655 4,390 
Total revenue in Asia-Pacific and others417,012 57.0 %1,218,742 57.2 %
Europe
   U.K.18,164 66,808 
   Germany10,148 33,323 
   Others14,335 39,019 
Total revenue in Europe$42,647 5.8 %$139,150 6.5 %
Total revenue$731,535 100.0 %$2,129,706 100.0 %

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(in thousands, except percentages)Three Months Ended
March 31, 2023
As a % of Total
Revenues
Nine Months Ended
March 31, 2023
As a % of Total
Revenues
North America
   U.S.$310,100 $975,098 
Others (1)
6,035 13,693 
Total revenue in North America316,135 47.5 %988,791 49.7 %
Asia-Pacific and others
   India85,731 247,942 
   Israel85,562 182,732 
   Hong Kong37,120 109,315 
   Malaysia30,688 130,402 
   Thailand16,706 45,420 
   China11,194 60,738 
   Japan10,044 32,129 
   Others2,896 7,957 
Total revenue in Asia-Pacific and others279,941 42.1 %816,635 41.1 %
Europe
   U.K.40,292 103,440 
   Germany14,532 40,975 
   Others14,381 39,525 
Total revenue in Europe$69,205 10.4 %$183,940 9.2 %
Total revenue$665,281 100.0 %$1,989,366 100.0 %
(1)Others includes revenues from external customers based in our country of domicile, the Cayman Islands, which for each year presented is $0.
(2)Due to increase in revenue from a significant customer.
The following table presents revenues by end market and product category:
(in thousands, except percentages)Three Months Ended
March 29, 2024
As a % of Total
Revenues
Nine Months Ended
March 29, 2024
As a % of Total
Revenues
Optical communications
Datacom$305,478 $835,642 
Telecom285,970 856,997 
Total revenue - Optical communications$591,448 80.9 %$1,692,639 79.5 %
Non-optical communications
Automotive$73,636 $241,166 
Industrial laser30,319 90,582 
Others36,132 105,319 
Total revenue - Non-optical communications$140,087 19.1 %$437,067 20.5 %
Total revenue$731,535 100.0 %$2,129,706 100.0 %

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(in thousands, except percentages)Three Months Ended
March 31, 2023
As a % of Total
Revenues
Nine Months Ended
March 31, 2023
As a % of Total
Revenues
Optical communications
Datacom$122,385 $328,271 
Telecom380,230 1,177,961 
Total revenue - Optical communications$502,615 75.5 %$1,506,232 75.7 %
Non-optical communications
Automotive$94,107 $275,704 
Industrial laser31,040 97,396 
Others37,519 110,034 
Total revenue - Non-optical communications$162,666 24.5 %$483,134 24.3 %
Total revenue$665,281 100.0 %$1,989,366 100.0 %
Contract Assets and Liabilities
A contract asset is recognized when the Company has recognized revenues, but has not yet issued an invoice to its customer for payment. Contract assets are recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets under other current assets and transferred to accounts receivable when rights to payment become unconditional.
As of March 29, 2024 and June 30, 2023, the Company's contract assets are de minimis.
A contract liability is recognized when the Company has advance payment arrangements with customers. Contract liabilities are recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets under other payables. The contract liabilities balance is normally recognized as revenue within six months.
The following tables summarize the activity in the Company’s contract liabilities during the nine months ended March 29, 2024:
(in thousands)Contract
Liabilities
Beginning balance, June 30, 2023
$3,036 
Advance payments received during the period9,131 
Revenue recognized(5,301)
Ending balance, March 29, 2024
$6,866 

4.    Earnings per ordinary share
Basic earnings per ordinary share is computed by dividing reported net income by the weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per ordinary share is computed by calculating the effect of potential dilutive ordinary shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method. Dilutive ordinary equivalent shares consist of restricted share units and performance share units.
Earnings per ordinary share was calculated as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
(in thousands, except per share data)March 29,
2024
March 31,
2023
March 29,
2024
March 31,
2023
Net income attributable to shareholders$80,916 $59,355 $215,115 $187,127 
Weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding36,250 36,608 36,278 36,575 
Incremental shares arising from the assumed vesting of restricted share units and performance share units353 381 296 320 
Weighted-average number of ordinary shares for diluted earnings per ordinary share36,603 36,989 36,574 36,895 
Basic earnings per ordinary share$2.23 $1.62 $5.93 $5.12 
Diluted earnings per ordinary share$2.21 $1.60 $5.88 $5.07 
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5.    Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
The Company’s cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments are as follows:
Fair Value
(in thousands)Carrying
Cost
Unrealized
Gain/
(Loss)
Cash and
Cash
Equivalents
Marketable
Securities
Other
Investments
As of March 29, 2024
Cash$382,652 $— $382,652 $— $— 
Cash equivalents2,459  2,459 — — 
Liquidity funds32,213 — — — 32,213 
Certificates of deposit and time deposits90,436 338 — 90,774 — 
Corporate debt securities138,243 (1,331)— 136,912 — 
U.S. agency and U.S. treasury securities149,145 (129)— 149,016 — 
Total$795,148 $(1,122)$385,111 $376,702 $32,213 
As of June 30, 2023
Cash$230,967 $— $230,967 $— $— 
Cash equivalents401 — 401 — — 
Liquidity funds41,104 — — — 41,104 
Certificates of deposit and time deposits64,278 329 — 64,607 — 
Corporate debt securities161,453 (3,375)— 158,078 — 
U.S. agency and U.S. treasury securities55,542 (231)— 55,311 — 
Total$553,745 $(3,277)$231,368 $277,996 $41,104 
All highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase are classified as cash equivalents. Management determines the appropriate classification of its investments at the time of purchase and reevaluates the designations at each balance sheet date. The Company may sell certain of its short-term investments prior to their stated maturities for strategic reasons including, but not limited to, anticipation of credit deterioration and duration management. The maturities of the Company’s short-term investments generally range from three months to three years.
The following table summarizes the cost and estimated fair value of short-term investments classified as available-for-sale securities based on stated effective maturities as of March 29, 2024 and June 30, 2023:
March 29, 2024June 30, 2023
(in thousands)Carrying
Cost
Fair ValueCarrying
Cost
Fair Value
Due within one year$101,042 $101,379 $172,992 $173,137 
Due between one to five years308,995 307,536 149,385 145,963 
Total$410,037 $408,915 $322,377 $319,100 

6.    Fair value of financial instruments
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. A fair value hierarchy is established, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs for the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. The three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value are defined as follows:
Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
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Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for assets or liabilities, either directly or indirectly. If the assets or liabilities have a specified (contractual) term, Level 2 inputs must be observable for substantially the full term of assets or liabilities.
Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for assets or liabilities, which require the reporting entity to develop its own valuation techniques and assumptions.
The Company utilizes the market approach to measure fair value for its financial assets and liabilities. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities.
The following table provides details of the financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis, including:
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
As of March 29, 2024
Assets
Cash equivalents$ $2,459 $ $2,459 
Liquidity funds 32,213  32,213 
Certificates of deposit and time deposits 90,774  90,774 
Corporate debt securities 136,912  136,912 
U.S. agency and U.S. treasury securities 149,016  149,016 
Derivative assets – current portion 21 
(1)
 21 
Total$ $411,395 $ $411,395 
Liabilities
       Derivative liabilities – current portion$ $(3,799)$ $(3,799)
Total$ $(3,799)
(2)
$ $(3,799)

Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
As of June 30, 2023
Assets
Cash equivalents$ $401 $ $401 
Liquidity funds 41,104  41,104 
Certificates of deposit and time deposits 64,607  64,607 
Corporate debt securities 158,078  158,078 
U.S. agency and U.S. treasury securities 55,311  55,311 
Derivative assets – current portion 221 
(3)
 221 
Total$ $319,722 $ $319,722 
Liabilities
       Derivative liabilities – current portion$ $(5,236)$ $(5,236)
Total$ $(5,236)
(4)
$ $(5,236)
(1)Interest rate swap agreement with a notional amount of $60.9 million.
(2)Foreign currency forward contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $135.0 million and 0.2 million Canadian dollars.
(3)Foreign currency forward contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $3.0 million and 0.2 million Canadian dollars and an interest rate swap agreement with a notional amount of $60.9 million.
(4)Foreign currency forward contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $140.0 million.


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Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company utilizes derivative financial instruments to hedge (i) foreign exchange risk associated with certain foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities and other foreign currency transactions, and (ii) interest rate risk associated with its long-term debt.
The Company minimizes the credit risk associated with its derivative instruments by limiting the exposure to any single counterparty and by entering into derivative instruments only with counterparties that meet the Company’s minimum credit quality standard.
Foreign currency forward and option contracts
As a result of foreign currency rate fluctuations, the U.S. dollar equivalent values of the Company’s foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities fluctuate. The Company uses foreign currency forward and option contracts to manage the foreign exchange risk associated with a portion of its foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities and other foreign currency transactions. The Company enters into foreign currency forward and option contracts to hedge fluctuations in the U.S. dollar value of forecasted transactions denominated in Thai baht and Canadian dollars with counterparties that meet the Company’s minimum credit quality standard.
The Company may enter into foreign currency forward contracts with maturities of up to 12 months to hedge fluctuations in the U.S. dollar value of forecasted transactions denominated in Thai baht, including inventory purchases, payroll and other operating expenses. The Company considers these forward contracts as dual-purpose hedges, that hedge both the foreign exchange fluctuation (i) from inception through the forecasted expenditure, and (ii) any subsequent revaluation of the account payable or accrual. The Company may designate the forward contracts that hedge the foreign exchange fluctuation from inception through the forecasted expenditure as cash flow hedges. The gain or loss on a derivative instrument designated and qualified as a cash flow hedging instrument is recorded as a component of other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. The reclassified amounts are presented in the same income statement line item as the earnings effect of the hedged item. Once the forecasted transactions are recorded, the Company will discontinue the hedging relationship by de-designating the derivative instrument and recording subsequent changes in fair value through contract maturity to foreign exchange gain (loss), net in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income as a natural hedge against the Thai baht denominated assets and liabilities.
The Company may also enter into non-designated foreign currency forward and option contracts to provide an offset to the re-measurement of foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities and to hedge certain forecasted exposures. Changes in the fair value of these non-designated derivatives are recorded as foreign exchange gain (loss), net in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
As of March 29, 2024, the Company had 135 outstanding U.S. dollar foreign currency forward contracts against Thai baht, with an aggregate notional amount of $135.0 million and maturity dates ranging from April 2024 through October 2024 and one outstanding Canadian dollar foreign currency forward contract with a notional amount of 0.2 million Canadian dollars and a maturity date in June 2024.
As of June 30, 2023, the Company had 143 outstanding U.S. dollar foreign currency forward contracts against Thai baht with an aggregate notional amount of $143.0 million and maturity dates ranging from July 2023 through January 2024, and one outstanding Canadian dollar foreign currency forward contract with a notional amount of 0.2 million Canadian dollars and a maturity date in September 2023.
As of March 29, 2024, the hedging relationship over foreign currency forward contracts designated for hedge accounting was determined to be highly effective based on the performance of retrospective and prospective regression testing. As of March 29, 2024, the amount in accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) expected to be reclassified into earnings within 12 months was a loss of $2.9 million.
As of June 30, 2023, the hedging relationship over foreign currency forward contracts designated for hedge accounting had been tested to be highly effective based on the performance of retrospective and prospective regression testing. As of June 30, 2023, the amount in AOCI expected to be reclassified into earnings within 12 months was a loss of $4.0 million.
During the three and nine months ended March 29, 2024, the Company included an unrealized loss of $3.7 million and $0.8 million, respectively, from changes in the fair value of a foreign currency forward contract that was not designated for hedge accounting in earnings as foreign exchange gain (loss), net in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
During the three and nine months ended March 31, 2023, the Company included an unrealized loss of $2.1 million and an unrealized gain of $1.8 million, respectively, from changes in the fair value of a foreign currency forward contract that was
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not designated for hedge accounting in earnings as foreign exchange gain (loss), net in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
Interest Rate Swap Agreements
The Company has entered into interest rate swap agreements to mitigate interest rate risk and improve the interest rate profile of the Company’s debt obligations. As of March 29, 2024 and June 30, 2023, the Company had one outstanding interest rate swap agreement with a notional amount of $60.9 million.
On July 25, 2018, Fabrinet Thailand entered into an interest rate swap agreement to effectively convert the floating interest rate of the term loan under the Company's previous syndicated senior credit facility agreement to a fixed interest rate of 2.86% per annum through the scheduled maturity of the term loan in June 2023 (see Note 10). The Company did not designate this interest rate swap for hedge accounting.
On September 3, 2019, Fabrinet Thailand entered into a term loan agreement under a credit facility agreement with Bank of Ayudhya Public Company Limited, and on September 10, 2019, the Company repaid in full the outstanding term loan under the Company's previous syndicated senior credit facility agreement (see Note 10). In conjunction with the funding of the new term loan, the Company entered into a second interest rate swap agreement. The combination of both of these interest rate swaps effectively converts the floating interest rate of the Company’s term loan with Bank of Ayudhya Public Company Limited to a fixed interest rate of 4.36% per annum through the maturity of the term loan in June 2024.
On September 27, 2019, the Company designated these two interest rate swaps as a cash flow hedge for the Company’s term loan under the credit facility agreement with Bank of Ayudhya Public Company Limited. The combination of these two interest rate swaps qualified for hedge accounting because the hedges were highly effective, and the Company had designated and documented contemporaneously the hedging relationships involving these interest rate swaps, one of which matured in June 2023. While the Company intends to continue to meet the conditions for hedge accounting, if hedges do not qualify as highly effective, the changes in the fair value of the derivatives used as hedges would be reflected in earnings. From September 27, 2019, any gains or losses related to these interest rate swaps are recorded in AOCI in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company reclassifies a portion of the gains or losses from AOCI into earnings at each reporting period based on either the accrued interest amount or the interest payment.
As of March 29, 2024, the amount in AOCI that is expected to be reclassified into earnings within 12 months was de minimis.
As of June 30, 2023, the amount in AOCI that is expected to be reclassified into earnings within 12 months was a gain of $0.4 million.



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The following table provides a summary of the impact of derivative gain (loss) of the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts and interest rate swaps which were designated as cash flow hedges on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
(in thousands)Financial
statements
line item
March 29,
2024
March 31,
2023
March 29,
2024
March 31,
2023
Derivatives gain (loss) recognized in other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency forward contractsOther
comprehensive
income
$(8,120)$(5,068)$1,434 $6,694 
Interest rate swapsOther
comprehensive
income
(41)242 (194)1,068 
Total derivatives gain (loss) recognized in other comprehensive income (loss)$(8,161)$(4,826)$1,240 $7,762 
Derivatives (gain) loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into earnings:
Foreign currency forward contractsCost of revenues$(2,805)$(3,245)$5,650 $6,083 
Foreign currency forward contractsSG&A(121)(140)233 250 
Foreign currency forward contractsForeign exchange loss, net4,250 2,807 (6,170)(9,183)
Interest rate swapsInterest expense(44)(131)(198)(477)
Total derivatives (gain) loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into earnings$1,280 $(709)$(485)$(3,327)
Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives instruments$(6,881)$(5,535)$755 $4,435 
Fair Value of derivatives
The following table provides the fair values of the Company’s derivative financial instruments for the periods presented:
March 29,
2024
June 30,
2023
(in thousands)Derivative
Assets
Derivative
Liabilities
Derivative
Assets
Derivative
Liabilities
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Foreign currency forward and option contracts$ $(901)$2 $(1,256)
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Foreign currency forward contracts (2,898)4 (3,980)
Interest rate swaps21  215  
Derivatives, gross balances$21 $(3,799)$221 $(5,236)
The Company recorded the fair value of derivative financial instruments in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as follows:
Derivative Financial InstrumentsBalance Sheet line item
Fair Value of Derivative AssetsOther current assets, Other non-current assets
Fair Value of Derivative LiabilitiesAccrued expenses, Other non-current liabilities
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7.    Inventories
(in thousands)As of March 29,
2024
As of June 30,
2023
Raw materials$115,766 $157,379 
Work in progress260,965 305,627 
Finished goods44,075 28,608 
Goods in transit33,328 27,962 
Total inventories$454,134 $519,576 

8.    Leases
The Company leases facilities under non-cancelable operating lease agreements. The Company leases a portion of its capital equipment and vehicles, certain land and buildings for its facilities in Thailand, the Cayman Islands, the PRC, the U.S., Israel and Singapore under operating lease arrangements that expire at various dates through 2029. Certain of these lease arrangements provide the Company the ability to extend the lease term following the expiration of the current term. However, the Company has excluded all lease extension options from its right of use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities as the Company is not reasonably assured that it will exercise these options. None of the lease agreements contain residual value guarantees provided by the lessee. The Company also has one intercompany lease transaction in the form of a lease of office and manufacturing space.
Operating leases
As of March 29, 2024, the maturities of the Company’s operating lease liabilities were as follows:
(in thousands)
2024 (remaining three months) $444 
20251,342 
20261,272 
2027477 
202815 
Thereafter1 
Total undiscounted lease payments3,551 
Less imputed interest(215)
Total present value of lease liabilities$3,336 (1)
(1)Includes current portion of operating lease liabilities of $1.3 million.
Rental expense related to the Company’s operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Rental expense for long-term leases for the three and nine months ended March 29, 2024 was $